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Department of Pure Mathematics and Mathematical Statistics

In this talk, I aim to bridge the divide between causal inference and spatial statistics, by presenting novel insights for causal inference in spatial data analysis and establishing how tools from spatial statistics can be used to draw causal inferences. I will introduce spatial causal graphs to highlight that spatial confounding and interference can be entangled, in that investigating the presence of one can lead to wrongful conclusions in the presence of the other. Moreover, I will illustrate that spatial dependence in the exposure variable can render standard analyses invalid, which can lead to erroneous conclusions. To remedy these issues, we propose a Bayesian parametric approach based on tools commonly-used in spatial statistics. This approach simultaneously accounts for interference and mitigates bias resulting from local and neighbourhood unmeasured spatial confounding. From a Bayesian perspective, we show that incorporating an exposure model is necessary, and we theoretically prove that all model parameters are identifiable, even in the presence of unmeasured confounding. We study the impact of sulfur dioxide emissions from power plants on cardiovascular mortality.

Further information

Time:

26Apr
Apr 26th 2024
14:00 to 15:00

Venue:

MR12, Centre for Mathematical Sciences

Speaker:

Georgia Padadogeorgou, University of Florida

Series:

Statistics